Luxembourg had 634.700 inhabitants on January 1, 2021, including 299.400 foreigners. Among the latter, the most numerous are the Portuguese (94.300), the French (48.500), the Italians (23.500) and the Belgians (19.600) and Germans 12.800. There are 55.300 foreign nationals from non-EU countries in Luxembourg.
As of December 31, 2021, the employment situation was as follows:
- Total domestic employment: 494134 including 216118 cross-border workers;
- Employees in the private sector: 430534 including 208363 cross-border workers;
- Civil servants: 34837 including 2.093 cross-border workers;
- Self-employed: 28763 , including 5.662 cross-border workers.
The growth rate of total employment is 3.1 % over the past 12 months. For cross-border employment, it rises to 3.8 % (Source: IGSS / CCSS employment dashboard 14 february 2022).
As of March 31, 2022, the unemployment rate (seasonally adjusted) was up to 4.7 % For values similar to this rate, one must go back to the end of 2008 - beginning of 2009..
The number of available resident jobseekers registered with ADEM was 14576 on 31 March 2022, i.e. . Compared to March 2021, this is a decrease of 4,113 people or 22%
The number of jobseekers has fallen for all categories of jobseekers, including those who have been registered for more than 12 months. Nevertheless, the long-term unemployed still represent 48.7% of all available jobseekers.
The number of new registrations with ADEM remains relatively low. Indeed, 2,394 residents registered with ADEM in March 2022, an increase of 99 persons or 4.3% compared to March 2021.
The number of resident jobseekers receiving full unemployment benefit fell by 2,512 or 25.5% year-on-year to 7,330. The number of people taking part in an employment measure stands at 4,425 and is slightly below the level observed in February 2021 (-18 people, or 0.4%).
During March 2022, employers reported 5,263 vacancies to ADEM, an increase of 34.6% compared to March 2021. The number of available positions as of March 31, 2022 is 11,991. The increase over one year is 49.1%. Both the number of job offers reported during the month and the total number of available offers are absolute records. The same applies to the total number of people working in Luxembourg, which has broken the 500,000 mark for the first time.
As of January 1, 2021 the largest employers (excluding public employment - state and city of Luxembourg) were in descending order: 1. The Post Luxembourg Group (4620employees), 2. The CFL group (Luxembourg railways: 4580), 3. The Cactus group (Trade: 4460), 4. The Dussmann Luxembourg group (Cleaning activities: 3980), 5. BGL BNP Paribas (Monetary intermediation 4050),) 6. The Mittal-Arcelor group (Iron and steel industry: 3660), 7. Goodyear Dunlop Tires Operations SA, Manufacture of rubber products (3470), 8. Amazon.com (2840), 9. Pricewaterhousecoopers (2980), 10. Luxair (2840)
An up-to-date list of the main employers is available on the website of the National Institute of Statistics an Economic Studies of Luxembourg STATEC: https://statistiques.public.lu/fr/actualites/entreprises/entreprises/2021/07/20210701.html
The employment conditions are attractive and companies can therefore demand relatively high levels of qualification.
Ministry of Labour, Employment and the Social and Solidarity Economy
List of main employers
Publications from the statistics portal
In 2022 the Top10 of jobs declared at the national PES:
1). IT (developer,engineering, etc.)
3). Catering servies
4). Kitchen aid
5). Accounting and financial audit and control
6). Credit analysis and banking risks
7). Concrete building
9). Consulting and project management in information systems
10). Warehousing and order picking
Employment remains very dynamic in Luxembourg, with growth of just under 1% over one quarter in Q3 2021. All sectors contributed to this positive development. The hotel and catering industry, which was still suffering from restrictions at the beginning of the year, recorded an increase in the third quarter (+3.5% over one quarter, according to preliminary data, after three quarters of continuous decline), and is even experiencing a certain labour shortage. In September 2021, this sector remains, with 670 fewer employees than in January 2020, however, the poor child of this crisis. This is closely followed by manufacturing (-650 people). In all other sectors, employment has returned to its pre-crisis level, and in many cases has even exceeded it.
In the first three quarters of 2021, business services contributed most to employment growth followed by human health and social work, the financial sector, construction and public administration.
Specific information on the qualifications offered in certain sectors is available on the following website, which allows you to download various brochures on the qualifications of tomorrow in industry, construction and public works and in the field of ICT (Information and Communication Technologies).
Unemployment drops continuously, reaching its pre-crisis level in October 2021 (with 5.4% of the labour force). the labour force) to its pre-crisis level. However, the long-term unemployed represent more than half of the registered unemployed (50.3% in the first nine months), compared to 44% in 2019. This is the highest share ever recorded (it was only 20% some twenty years ago).
Although older unemployed people are still by far the most affected by long-term unemployment (for those aged 60 or more, almost ¾ have been registered for more than 12 months), it is mainly the unemployed under 40 years of age that explain the recent increase in the duration of registration. The share of aged 35 to 40 increases from 34.1% in 2019
(9 months) to 45.6% in 2021 (9 months).
With the easing of restrictive measures and the concomitant recovery in activity, short-time working has also fallen continuously since the beginning of the year, at least for what was actually used (there is still a significant difference between the number of requests granted and those actually drawn down).
In fact, requests for short-time work remained quite high until July, as a precaution in a context of great uncertainty.
Since July, when the special scheme "short-time working for cases of force majeure linked to the COVID-19 crisis" came to an end, the conditions for granting this state aid have been continually tightened, and applications have consequently dropped sharply.
For November 2021, about 700 companies have applied for access to partial unemployment, of which 90% have been approved. Of these, 88% are companies from sectors still in difficulty due to the health crisis 5, 9% are from the industry and benefit from the normal short-time working scheme (cyclical type) and 2% fall under the special framework of the July 2021 floods. This summer's floods had swelled the number of short-time work claims mainly in July. They represented 10% of the workforce, but this is hardly relevant for the 4 th quarter (0.8% of the workforce in November).
In terms of people, it is the manufacture of rubber and plastic products which has the most employees affected by short-time working (45% of the total against 25% for the Horeca). By the end of 2021, tourism-related sectors (taxis, hotels, travel agencies) and car dealerships, which are increasingly suffering from supply difficulties that remain the most vulnerable to the crisis.
STATEC economic outlook (note de conjuncture) (Source: Statec NDC02 – December 2021 pp 39-46 )
Labor market information about Luxembourg is available on the following websites:
The powerful career platform for talents and Luxembourg employers: www.work-in-luxembourg.lu
ADEM, Public service and employment website : www.adem.public.lu
Private job-vacancy websites: www.monster.lu; www.jobs.lu; www.jobfinder.lu; www.moovijob.com; www.optioncarriere.lu; www.indeed.lu
Some trustees (eg BDO, etc.) recruiting on behalf of their clients also publish offers.
Websites of associations representing various economic sectors and publishing the contact details of their member companies (see spontaneous applications):
Hotels and restaurants / « HORESCA » : www.horesca.lu/fr/jobs-list
(Job offers available on the site).
Finance – The Luxembourg Bankers’ Association «ABBL»: www.abbl.lu
Crafts and manual trades « Fédération des artisans » : www.fda.lu
Industry and business services « FEDIL Business Federation Luxembourg »: www.fedil.lu
Wholesale and retail trade and transport « CLC »: www.clc.lu
Temporary work « Fedil Employment Services, established in 1994 as ‘Union Luxembourgeoise des Entreprises de Travail Intérimaire’ (Luxembourg Association of Temporary Employment Agencies, ULEDI), is the umbrella organisation for temporary employment agencies based in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg» : www.fes.lu